Nigerian Prison Service Recruitment Requirement and History

Nigerian Prison Service Recruitment Requirement and History

If you’re reading this, then my guess is you’re in search of information about the Nigerian Prison Service recruitment. Or you want to have first hand information about the Nigerian prison service. Whichever one, you are at the right place at the right time

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Also, you will learn about Nigerian Prison Service ranks and history. I’ve gone through a lot of research to ensure that this article brings you all of this information without stress in one read.

I will like to start with a story of a young lady Aisha Umar who desired to join the Nigerian Prison Service from childhood. I believe her story will help you understand more about the Nigerian Prison Service. Let us get straight in to the crux of the article.

Aisha Umar visited the prison for the first time when she was 12 years old and since then she developed a passion to work with the Nigerian Prison Service. After completing her studies at the Ahmadu Bello University she decided it was time to pursue her childhood dream.

Her challenge however was that she had not gotten relevant information that will help her quest in working with the Service.

She decided to visit the Nigerian Prison Service Headquarters in Abuja. On arrival at the headquarters she met one of the officers and explained that she wanted to find out information about the Nigerian Prison Service recruitment requirement. She also wanted to know brief history on how the prison service activities started in Nigeria.

The officer immediately started off by telling her the history of the Nigerian Prison Service.

History of Nigeria Prison Service

The history of the Nigerian Prisons Service can be traced way back to 1861. This was the first time the Western type of prisons were first constructed and established in Nigeria. This followed the institution of Lagos State as a colony.

The British did this to secure trade with Nigeria and guarantee profit to British merchants. The governor of the Lagos colony at this time was a prominent British merchant and he established the Police with 25 constables.

Two years later 4 courts were established in Lagos and thus there was a need for Prisons to complete the system. Preparations were made and in 1872 the first Prison was established with a capacity for 300 inmates. This Prison was the Broad Street Prison. The beginning of the 19th century saw more of the British takeover in the Nigerian hinterland. By 1910 there were already prisons in Calabar, Degema, Onitsha, Jebba, Sapele, Lokoja, Ibadan and Benin.

Despite the announcement of the protectorates there was still no unified prison system in the country. There was also no arrangement for inmates to be rehabilitated. Instead the inmates were used for public works and because of this there was no need to pass prison officers through any formal training.

Also Read: Nigerian Police Recruitment Requirement 

In 1917 the Prison regulation was published and it prescribed several regulations such as administration, custody, admission, staffing, dieting, clothing and treatment of inmates. There was a long wait before any meaningful effort to fix the challenges of the Nigerian Prison was made. In 1934 relative modernization was introduced to the Nigerian Prison Service.

Colonel V.L. Mabb was appointed by the Governor General to be the Director of Prisons. Mabb was a military officer who understood what the Prison system needed and he indeed made efforts to reform the system. He tried to create a unified Nigerian Prison Service that will cover the whole country but his efforts were fruitless. He however made some remarkable success in some other areas.

Mr. R.H. Dolan who was trained as a prisons officer succeeded him and he reintroduced the vocational training for prisons which had failed earlier. He also ensured the classification of prisoners and the visitation of family members to inmates. It was his efforts that set the pace for what the Nigerian Prisons Service is today.

Nigerian Prisons Service became a unified body in 1968 due to the abolishing of the Native Authority Prisons. It was however not until 1971 that the government released the white paper for the Nigerian Prisons due to the civil war. All of these led to the need to employ skilled manpower in the Nigerian Prisons Service.

Since then the Nigerian Prisons Service has been reorganized considerably. The Nigerian Prisons Service currently has a command structure that boast of 8 Zonal commands, 36 State Commands, 1 FCT Command, 144 Prisons including farm centers and 83 Satellite Prisons. It also has four Training Schools, one Staff College and 2 Borstal Institutions.

For more on the history of the Nigerian Prisons Service click here.

The mission and vision of the Nigerian Prisons Service

Just like any other organization of repute the Nigerian Prisons Service has a mission and vision statement. These are directly quoted from their website.

The Mission of the Nigerian Prison Service is “to promote public protection by providing assistance for offenders in their reformation and rehabilitation under safe, secure and humane conditions in accordance with universally accepted standard and to facilitate their social reintegration into society.”

The vision of the Nigerian Prisons Service is “Our intention is to establish a credible Prisons Service which through excellent penal practice seek lasting change in offender’s attitudes, values and behavior and ensure successful reintegration into the society.”

What are the functions of the Nigerian Prisons Service?

The Nigerian Prisons Service derives its functions from the he CAP P29 laws of the Federation of Nigeria 2004. These functions are quoted from the NPS website and they include:

  1. Take into lawful custody all those certified to be so kept by courts of competent jurisdiction.
  2. Produce suspects in courts as and when due.
  3. Identify the causes of their anti-social dispositions.
  4. Set in motion mechanisms for their treatment and training for eventual reintegration into society as normal law abiding citizens on discharge.
  5. Administer Prisons Farms and Industries for this purpose and in the process generate revenue for the government.

Nigerian Prisons Service Recruitment Requirement                                         

Just like in every organization, individuals must meet certain requirements before they can be recruited as staff. To be recruited into the Nigerian Prisons Service you must meet the following requirements:

  1. You must be 30 years old or younger at the time of application.
  2. Visit, and apply for the positions online.
  3. Upload your certificates and CV on the website.
  4. Take an online qualifying examination.
  5. Ensure you scale through all required tests with flying colors.

Asides these you must:

  1. Be a Nigerian by birth or naturalization.
  2. You must be able to present a valid means of identification.

For more details visit

That is about all you need to know about the Nigerian Prisons Service. If you need more information visit the official website.

Israel Chima

Israel Chima is a pro blogger that derives joy in helping small and medium businesses gain an online presence.

He guides business owners in having a full online presence by creating world-class websites, social media marketing, and content marketing.

Well-written SEO content ranks easily on the first page of Google, which translates to getting real customers.

Israel chima is an authority in planning and developing well-structured SEO content. So, you can contact him for your blog content.

He is the author of book 3 books on entrepreneurship, education, and transportation business. You can check out his book on Amazon titled “Discover to Recover.”

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