States and Capital in Nigeria- Everything You Need Know

36 States and Capital in Nigeria

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S/No State Capital
1 Abia State Umuahia
2 Adamawa Yola
3 Akwaibom Uyo
4 Anambra Awka
5 Bauchi Bauchi
6 Bayelsa Yenagoa
7 Benue Markurdi
8 Borno Maidugiri
9 Cross River Calabar
10 Delta Asaba
11 Ebonyi Abakaliki
12 Edo Benin
13 Ekiti Ado-Ekiti
14 Enugu Enugu
15 Gombe Gombe
16 Imo Owerri
17 Jigawa Dutse
18 Kaduna Kaduna
19 Kano Kano
20 Katsina Katsina
21 Kebbi Birni Kebbi
22 Kogi Lokoja
23 Kwara Ilorin
24 Lagos Ikeja
25 Nassarawa Lafia
26 Niger Minna
27 Ogun Abeokuta
28 Ondo Akura
29 Osun Oshogbo
30 Oyo Ibadan
31 Plateau Jos
32 Rivers Port Harcourt
33 Sokoto Sokoto
34 Taraba Jalingo
35 Yobe Damaturu
36 Zamfara Gusau

The Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, is not a State but the capital of Nigeria. The FCT does not have a governor in charge but a Minister. The current Minister of the FCT is Alhaji Muhammed Bello. That is all you need to know about the States and Capital in Nigeria.

The History of States and Capital in Nigeria

Nigeria is a country blessed with a large population and land mass. You probably have no idea why the country was divided into States and Capital. We just used to recite the States and Capitals in Nigeria when we were in primary school and it was fun.

Well there was a need that gave rise to States and Capital in Nigeria. Let me share a story with you as we discuss the States and capital in Nigeria.

While riding the bus from work one fateful Monday evening I felt my shirt being tugged at by the young boy sitting next to me. I wondered why then I noticed he was going through a list of the States and Capital in Nigeria.

Asking him why he tugged at me he replied with a question. “Please can you tell me about the States and Capital in Nigeria?” he said. He further asked if I could give him a brief history of how States and Capital in Nigeria came about.

I was glad that at least it was a question I could respond to seeing that I had only recently read about the States and Capital in Nigeria.

I discovered while reading about the subject that so many people are in need of this same kind of information. This is why I decided to share my discussion with this young lad with you. I believe it will be helpful to you reading this article.

Initially Nigeria was divided into regions. There were 3 regions namely the Northern Region, Western Region and Eastern Region. In 1963 another region known as the Mid-Western Region was carved out bringing the regions to 4. A need to properly govern the country brought about States and Capital in Nigeria.

Also Read: The History of Nigeria

The State and Capitals in Nigeria were established during General Yakubu Gowon’s reign as Head of State from 1967 to 1976. At this time twelve States were created with their capitals.

The twelve States are Bendel State, Rivers State, Cross Rivers State, Lagos State, Kaduna State, East Central State, Western State, Kano State, Kwara State, North Eastern State, North Western State, and Benue-Plateau State.

Seven more States were added between 1976 and 1987 to make the number of States rise to 19. By 1991 the number of States had risen to 21 and in 1996 they became 36 States in Nigeria are controlled by Governors.

During the military rule they were known as Administrators and were appointed by the Military Head of State. Since the country transitioned into democratic rule we now have Governors. The State Governors are chosen by the people in the State through an election organized by the Independent National Electoral Commission.

Currently all the 36 States in Nigeria are divided into 6 geo political zones. The geo political zones are North East, North West, North Central, South East, South West and South South. This article will provide you with the list of 36 States and Capitals in Nigeria as well as the names of their current governors.

 

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